Podiatry and Chiropody Centres in Cardiff

Custom Orthotics

How are Orthoses made?

Any custom made orthotic will require a prescription to be taken by a practitioner with the corrections required, partnered by a cast impression of your foot; this helps to match your arch profile for the orthotic. Your custom-made insole will then be made by an orthotic manufacturer using the direction given from your prescription. This ensures you get the most effective treatment possible.

Who can benefit from a custom made Orthotic?

A custom made orthotic is suitable for people of all ages and requirements. They are tailor made to your particular needs; thus, meaning elite sportsmen through to the less mobile can benefit from the effects of having a custom made orthotic.

Children can also benefit from the extra level of support during their development; helping to prevent the occurrence of a misalignment.

What conditions may be helped?

Symptoms of poor foot function:

– Foot Pain.

– Arch or heel pain.

– Leg & knee pain.

– Lower back pain.

– Bunions & Blisters.

– Toe deformities.

– Calluses & corns.

Why do I need an insole?

Think of your feet in a similar way to the foundation of your home. Everything above the foundation is dependent upon it and your feet are not different. If your foot is misaligned or there is increased stress and force placed upon them, wear and tear is more prominent due to the extra demand placed upon them.

Achilles Pain

Pain at the back of the ankle where the Achilles tendon runs can also present with swelling, stiffness or even weakness.

The Achilles tendon attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone (Calcaneus) and is the strongest tendon in the body.

It is intended to withstand a huge amount of strain but sometimes our daily activities, footwear and hard surfaces take their toll.

If left unattended these symptoms can worsen and even progress to the tendon rupturing so it is important to treat this condition sooner rather than later. While icing the area, and doing gentle stretching exercises can help, it is also important that the heel bone is held in a stable optimal position.

Knee pain

Pain in the knees is often a direct result of the position of the feet. If you stand in front of a full-length mirror & roll your feet in and out, you will notice that your lower leg rotates and you knees also turn in and out.

The knee joint is similar to a hinge joint, like you would see on a door and is not designed to withstand too much strain in other directions other than backwards and forwards. If your feet roll in when you walk or run, your knee joint must twist and can cause pain underneath the knee cap or around the ligaments which support your knee joint. Orthotic Insoles promote a stable platform to support the feet and reduce the amount of internal rotation of the legs.

Again, this is achieved with the inclusion of the intrinsic rearfoot and arch supports which are specially engineered to control your feet and reduce excessive movement. This, in turn, maintains the knee in a more favourable position which reduces the incidence of injury or pain.

Lower Back pain

As with the knee (see previous paragraph) the position of your back can also be affected by the position of your feet. As before, if you roll your feet in and out & place your hands around your hips, you will feel the muscles move & contract & your pelvis tilt slightly. This just demonstrates that what your feet do has an effect on your posture and how your body functions further up.

Lower back pain is very common and has many different causes, some of which require medical attention. However, as described over leaf, maintaining your feet in their optimum position means that the rest of your body functions more efficiently and is less likely to succumb to problems and pain because poor posture or positioning.

Orthotic Insoles are engineered with this in mind and provide the best possible foundation for you to achieve optimal positioning and control.

Forefoot Pain

This painful common

condition is often accompanied by hard skin (callus) and it can feel as if you are standing on a small stone. While high heels can contribute to this condition, it is largely caused by a strain on the ligaments and joint capsules in the forefoot.

If the foot is not in its most efficient position these soft tissue structures have to work harder to compensate and often become less capable of supporting the structure of the forefoot – hence the pain. It’s a bit like driving a car with bad suspension, eventually excessive wear and tear occurs because the other components are not designed to cope with the increased stress.

Heel Pain 

Heel pain affects 1 in 4 of us at some point in our lives and can be very painful. This is largely because we are walking on unnatural hard surfaces and the foot has to adapt accordingly.

As the foot adapts, the arch can flatten causing strain on a structure called the plantar fascia which runs along the bottom of the foot. This is why the condition is sometimes referred to as “Plantar Fasciitis”. Its insertion into the heel bone (Calcaneus bone) often becomes the point of pain because of the continual pulling and stretching where it attaches. In some people, this can also develop into a bony spur known as a “heel spur”. Heel pain can also be caused by the lack of shock absorption as our heel comes into contact with the hard ground.

Orthotic insoles incorporate a contoured arch profile, which is designed to prevent the excessive flattening of your feet when walking. Heel cushions can also be added to offer enhanced shock absorbency in the heel area.

Overview

Leonardo Da Vinci once said that “the human foot is a masterpiece of engineering and a work of art”, and he’s right! Our feet are made up of 52 bones, 40 muscles and 214 ligaments which all work together to enable us to go about our daily activities.

For thousands of years, humans walked the Earth on natural accommodating surfaces, because that’s what they were designed to do. Nowadays, however, we walk mainly on hard unforgiving surfaces like pavements, concrete and wooden or tiled floors and this is where our feet need a little help because the foot has to compensate in an unnatural position.

Think of our feet as being like a very highly specialised piece of engineering, like a car for example. If the tyres weren’t properly balanced or one of them was underinflated, this would cause all sorts of problems on the rest of the car over a period of time. The same can be said for our feet – if they are not supported correctly, this could cause all sorts of other problems in your feet, legs, knees, hips & back. We wouldn’t neglect to get our car MOT’d or serviced and it should be the same with our feet.

Orthotic Insoles

Orthotic Insoles are engineered with these problems in mind. They are designed to maintain our feet in their optimum position to allow us walk normally without causing problems elsewhere in our bodies. Effectively Orthotic Insoles are our “high spec” tyres to keep us pain free.